Connecting

From OpenSimulator

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Reverted edits by KatherineDaniels (Talk) to last version by MakoBot)
(Replacing HTML with Wiki markup, a bit of a rewrite, and some further cleanup.Hoping to make this page easier to read and understand.)
Line 7: Line 7:
 
{{:Compatible Viewers}}
 
{{:Compatible Viewers}}
  
Some other viewers that can connect to Second Life can also connect to OpenSim. You can find them in [http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Downloads Downloads#Second Life Wiki].
+
Some other viewers that can connect to Second Life can also connect to OpenSim. You can find them in the [http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Downloads#Third_Party_Directory_Viewers Third Party Directory] at the Second Life wiki.
  
==Connecting to the Grid with Grid Selector (Recommended) ==
 
  
If you can find the grid you want to connect in the grid selector (The dropdown menu at the bottom of the screen to the right of the login button. If you can't find it, try Ctrl-Shift-G), then simply choose it and enter username/password provided by the grid administrators when you created your account on the grid.
+
'''Note that you will have to register a new account for each grid that you want to be on'''. This means that your Second Life login does not work on any other grid, and that your login for other grids will not work on Second Life, etc.
  
'''Basically, you can't login to OpenSim grids with other grid's accounts, including Second Life. You need to create separate accounts for each grids you want to login.''' When you choose the grid, some viewers shows the link to signup page, so create your account as per its instructions.
+
Many viewers with grid selectors will show a link to that grid's signup page when selecting a grid. You can create your account by clicking that link, and following the instructions on the signup page.
  
If you can't, then lookout for the Grid Manager interface. If there is, you can find it near the grid selector or in preference window. Usually, the only fields you have to fill in are:
+
==Connecting to the Grid with A Grid Selector (Recommended) ==
  
* '''Grid Name''' (or alike) - The name you can easily identify. OpenSim grids doesn't use this information, so you can name it freely.
+
Most viewers have a grid selector which in many cases is already visible, and located at the bottom of the login screen. If it is not visible, try pressing Ctrl-Shift-G to (un)hide the grid selector.
* '''Login URI''' - The most important information.<nowiki> It should be like "http://someserver:9000" or "http://someserver:8002". For instance, for osgrid, this is "http://login.osgrid.org/".</nowiki>
+
  
You will find the button "Get Grid Info" or alike. If you click it, it might fill other blank fields with some URIs, or show error dialog, or freeze. If you have problem with this button, don't click it and leave other fields empty. This problem is not so much an issue. It works anyway without them.
+
===If the grid is present in the list===
 +
If you see the grid you want to connect to in the grid selector, then simply choose it from the drop down menu, enter the username and password that you chose when you created your account on that grid, and click the "Log in" button.
  
If it succeed, you will find the new entry in the grid selector.  
+
===If the grid is missing from the list===
 +
If your preferred grid is not present in the drop down menu, then you will have to add it manually. You will have to do this only once.
 +
First, find the grid manager. Usually, this can be found in the preferences of your viewer, in a tab called "Grids". In general, the only fields that you will have to fill in are:
  
For detailed instructions, see the documentation for each viewer.
+
* '''Grid Name''' (or alike) - A name you can easily identify the grid by. OpenSim grids don't use this information, so you can name it anything you like.
 +
* '''Login URI''' - The most important information. It should be like "<nowiki>http://someserver:9000" or "http://someserver". For instance, for OSGrid, this is "http://login.osgrid.org/".</nowiki>
  
==Connecting to the Grid with Viewer Parameter==
+
Near these fields, you will also find a button named "Get Grid Info" or similar. If you click it, it may fill out several blank fields with URIs.
 +
In some cases, clicking the button will cause an error message to pop up, or in rare cases, freeze the viewer. If clicking the button causes problems of any kind, you can leave the remaining fields empty, or find the missing info and add it manually. Leaving the fields empty will normally not cause problems, and you will still be able to log in to that grid, although on some grids, some features may be unavailable until the missing info is added.
  
If you can't find grid selector, or you can find it but can't find the grid you want to login in the list and can't find grid manager, there are some other methods.
+
Click the "Apply" or "OK" button to store your new grid in the menu, and you will be ready to log in as explainted under [[Connecting#If_the_grid_is_present_in_the_list|If_the_grid_is_present_in_the_list]]
  
In any case, all you have to do is to pass this '''loginuri''' command line parameters to the viewer and launch with it. If you are using Second Life Viewer or Snowglobe-based viewers, see [http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Viewer_parameters#Using_Viewer_parameters this wiki page (Viewer parameters#Using Viewer Parameters)] how to do that. The Linden viewer has a number of other options. Some are useful, some are not. See [http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Viewer_parameters#Parameter_reference Parameter Reference from Second Life Wiki] for detail.
+
For instructions that are specific for your favorite viewer, see your viewer's website.
 +
 
 +
==Connecting to the Grid with Viewer Parameters==
 +
 
 +
If your viewer doesn't have a grid selector, or if you are having problems adding the grid to your viewer's grid list, then an alternative method is to use viewer parameters.
 +
 
 +
Basically, all you will really need is to pass the ''--loginuri'' command line parameter to the viewer and launch with it, although you will want to use all of the viewer parameters that are suggested for your preferred grid.
 +
 
 +
For example, you use the Second Life Viewer on Windows, and want to connect to OSGrid. A quick-and-easy way would be as follows:
 +
 
 +
*Press Windows Key + R, this wil open the Run dialog.
 +
*In the Run dialog, enter the following:
 +
SecondLife.exe --loginuri <nowiki>http://login.osgrid.org/ --loginpage http://www.osgrid.org/splash/</nowiki>
 +
*Press "Enter", or click "OK" and your viewer should start. After clicking the login button, you will enter OSGrid.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
On OSX, you could also use ActionScript, which enables you to select multiple grids to connect to. See the [[OSX Grid Selector Script]] article for a pre-made script.
 +
 
 +
For more information on viewer parameters that are known to work with the Linden Lab Second Life Viewer and with Snowglobe based viewers, see [http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Viewer_parameters#Using_Viewer_parameters this Second Life wiki page] about using viewer parameters.
 +
 
 +
The Linden Labs viewer has a number of additional options. Most of which are not useful to average users. See the [http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Viewer_parameters#Parameter_reference parameter reference] on the Second Life Wiki for details.
  
For example, Second Life Viewer on Windows, and want to connect to OSGrid, quick-and-easy way would be like that:
 
<pre>
 
SecondLife.exe -loginuri <nowiki>http://login.osgrid.org/ -loginpage http://www.osgrid.org/splash/</nowiki>
 
</pre>
 
 
On OSX, you can even use ActionScript, which enables you to select multiple grid to connect to. [[OSX_Grid_Selector_Script]]
 
  
 
==Connecting to your locally hosted server from behind a DSL router using NAT==
 
==Connecting to your locally hosted server from behind a DSL router using NAT==
  
<b>Loopback</b><br>
+
'''Loopback'''
 
Most DSL routers/modems prevent loopback connections as a security feature. This means that a NATed IP address ( such as 192.168.2.40 ) can not connect to your forward facing IP address ( such as 199.149.252.44 ) from behind your DSL router/modem. In a case like this, external IP addresses may connect to your server/region but you can not ( this applies to both standalone and grid modes ).  
 
Most DSL routers/modems prevent loopback connections as a security feature. This means that a NATed IP address ( such as 192.168.2.40 ) can not connect to your forward facing IP address ( such as 199.149.252.44 ) from behind your DSL router/modem. In a case like this, external IP addresses may connect to your server/region but you can not ( this applies to both standalone and grid modes ).  
  
 
List of routers featuring NAT Loopback : [[NAT_Loopback_Routers]]
 
List of routers featuring NAT Loopback : [[NAT_Loopback_Routers]]
  
<b>Router solution</b><br>
+
'''Router solution'''
If you are using a ZyXEL DSL router/modem from Embarq, please read [[Network Settings#Local connections with ZyXEL DSL modem/router and NAT/Port Forwarding|this guide]]. This will show you how to reconfigure your DSL router/modem to fix this problem. Similar solutions may exist for other DSL router/modems. A google search for the make and model of your DSL router/modem may provide you with a manual to assist you in this.  
+
If you are using a ZyXEL DSL router/modem from Embarq, please read [[Network Settings#Local connections with ZyXEL DSL modem/router and NAT/Port Forwarding|this guide]]. This will show you how to reconfigure your DSL router/modem to fix this problem. Similar solutions may exist for other DSL router/modems. A Google search for the make and model of your DSL router/modem may provide you with a manual to assist you in this.  
  
 
A word of caution : be VERY careful what you change and take good notes along the way so you can undo any changes you make in error.
 
A word of caution : be VERY careful what you change and take good notes along the way so you can undo any changes you make in error.
  
<b>DNS solution(Linux)</b><br>
+
'''DNS solution(Linux)'''
 
It's possible to host your own DNS-server, so you can prevent some of the dns-naming problems mentioned before. If <nowiki>http://example.org</nowiki> resolves to the external ip, and that loopback connection is prevented by your router, you could point your resolv.conf to a local nameserver like:
 
It's possible to host your own DNS-server, so you can prevent some of the dns-naming problems mentioned before. If <nowiki>http://example.org</nowiki> resolves to the external ip, and that loopback connection is prevented by your router, you could point your resolv.conf to a local nameserver like:
 
  nameserver 192.168.2.2
 
  nameserver 192.168.2.2
Line 61: Line 78:
  
 
You can also set up a [[Browser Protocol Handler]] which will make opensim:// links in your browser do the expected thing, and launch the right OpenSim viewer.
 
You can also set up a [[Browser Protocol Handler]] which will make opensim:// links in your browser do the expected thing, and launch the right OpenSim viewer.
 +
 +
 +
[[Category:Help]]

Revision as of 06:01, 14 October 2011


Obtaining OpenSim Available Viewers

OpenSimulator doesn't have the client program in its distribution. You'll need to download an OpenSim compatible client before connecting to OpenSim grids.


If you find a viewer which can connect to OpenSimulator then please add it to the bottom of the appropriate list.

Compatibility issues

Since OpenSimulator and viewers development is done by diferent teams with diferent timing and even goals, compatibility can not be assured.
To connect to a older version of OpenSimulator, you may need to use a older version of your favority viewer. Consult your grid team, or the viewer team
This may also limit Hypergrid capability.

Viewers

  • Alchemy - C++ based viewer for Linux/Mac/Win. Forked from SL viewer.
  • Cool VL Viewer - C++ based viewer for Linux/Mac/Win. Forked from SL viewer. (Former name: Cool SL Viewer).
  • FireStorm Viewer - C++ based viewer for Linux/Mac/Win. Forked from SL viewer. Successor to Phoenix viewer. The most widely used viewer on Second Life.
  • Kokua - C++ based viewer for Linux/Mac/Win. Forked from SL viewer successor to Imprudence.
  • Radegast Metaverse Client - Radegast-ng is Light client, evolution of Radagast from libopenmetaverae project.
  • Singularity - C++ based viewer for Linux/Mac/Win. Forked from the Ascent Viewer. Goal is to combine look of old SL viewer with modern features. Singularity source code available on GitHub.
  • Dayturn - C++ based viewer for Win/Mac only. Forked from Kokua.
  • Scenegate - C++ based viewer with a focus on accessibility and onboarding. With a simplified UI more suitable to just visit worlds, rather than building (but the full UI is still accessible). Forked from Alchemy.

Beta Viewers

Singularity Nightly Builds http://www.singularityviewer.org/kb/nightly-builds

Dayturn-windows https://bitbucket.org/dayturn/dayturn-windows/downloads/

Text-only Viewers

These are lightweight viewers, which either do not offer a graphical component or where the graphical component is not used by deault. The function of these viewers however is to connect to a grid, chat, manage inventory, etc. Useful on systems with low specifications or for bringing an alt online without having your main avatar log out, or to quickly take care of messages, inventory, etc.

  • METAbolt - METAbolt is a non-graphical (text based) viewer. It's light weight and cross grid, which means it will work in Second Life™ as well as other grids that are based on OpenSIM. The viewer is Open Source so it's free. Currently METAbolt is only available for Windows platforms.
  • Mobile Grid Client - A Second Life and OpenSim (Open Simulator) messaging client for your Android powered device (mobile phone, cell phone, tablet...).


LLSD API Libraries

These are open source libraries for building viewers, clients, and tools that can connect to OpenSimulator.

Maintained Libraries

  • libopenmetaverse - C# LLSD implementation. Maintained by OpenSimulator developers. BSD License
  • llbase-py - Python LLSD implementation. Maintained by Linden Labs. MIT License

Currently Unmaintained Libraries

  • llsd-cpp - C++ LLSD implementation, last updated in 2010. MIT License
  • llsd-perl-new - Perl LLSD implementation. Last updated 2011. MIT License
  • llsd-php - PHP 4 LLSD implementation. Incomplete, supports XML serialization only. Used internally by Second Life developers. Last updated 2010. MIT License
  • llsd-java - Java LLSD implementation by Xugu Madison, last update ca 2014. BSD License.
  • JOpenMetaverse - Java LLSD implementation, last updated 2012. Linux, Windows, MacOS, Android Compatible. Also see jopenmetaverse introduction. LGPL 2.1 License
  • llsd-js - JavaScript LLSD implementation, last update in 2011. MIT License

Inactive Viewers

  • 3Di viewer Rei - C# based Web-browser plugin OpenSimulator viewer. 3Di website gone but 3Di Rei viewer source is still available on Github
  • Ascent - C++ based viewer for Linux/Mac/Win. Started as a fork of Inertia Viewer. Abandoned in 2010.
  • Dolphin - C++ based viewer for Linux/Mac/Win. Abandoned in 2015. Dolphin 3 Source still available on Github.
  • Emerald - C++ based viewer forked from Snowglobe (the second version fo the LL/SL open source viewer). Project halted and abandoned in 2010 after Emerald developer linked to DoS attack on SL and banned. Emerald source code still available on GitHub and Google Code Archive.
  • Hippo - C++ based viewer for Linux/Mac/Win. Forked from SL viewer. Abandoned in 2010. See also Hippo Viewer website.
  • Idealist - C# Multi-platform 32 bit viewer intended to be OpenSimulator focused
  • Imprudence - C++ based viewer forked from SL viewer v1.21. Development ended in 2010 and shifted to a new viewer called Kokua. Imprudence Viewer source is still available on Github
  • Inertia - C++ based viewer forked from Snowglobe SL viewer). Abandoned in 2010
  • LookingGlass - C#/Ogre based Viewer prototype. Development Ended in 2011. LookingGlass Viewer source is still available on Github
  • Meerkat - Viewer for Linux/Mac/Win in C++. Fork of SL viewer. Meerkat source available on Github. Meerkat binaries available via Google Code Archive. Development stopped in 2009
  • OpenViewer - C#/Ogre based, BSD licensed viewer written as a companion to OpenSimulator. ca 2007/2008. Website went dark in 2009.
  • Phoenix - C++ based viewer. Forked from SL viewer. Replaced by Firestorm viewer.
  • RealXtend Naali/Tundra - Written from scratch C++/Ogre3D based viewer for Linux/Mac/Win, required ModRex in OpenSimulator. Development stopped in 2016, OpenSimulator support dropped in 2013.
  • Xenki - XABP-based OpenSimulator viewer prototype for IE web browser. Abandoned in 2009

Some other viewers that can connect to Second Life can also connect to OpenSim. You can find them in the Third Party Directory at the Second Life wiki.


Note that you will have to register a new account for each grid that you want to be on. This means that your Second Life login does not work on any other grid, and that your login for other grids will not work on Second Life, etc.

Many viewers with grid selectors will show a link to that grid's signup page when selecting a grid. You can create your account by clicking that link, and following the instructions on the signup page.

Connecting to the Grid with A Grid Selector (Recommended)

Most viewers have a grid selector which in many cases is already visible, and located at the bottom of the login screen. If it is not visible, try pressing Ctrl-Shift-G to (un)hide the grid selector.

If the grid is present in the list

If you see the grid you want to connect to in the grid selector, then simply choose it from the drop down menu, enter the username and password that you chose when you created your account on that grid, and click the "Log in" button.

If the grid is missing from the list

If your preferred grid is not present in the drop down menu, then you will have to add it manually. You will have to do this only once. First, find the grid manager. Usually, this can be found in the preferences of your viewer, in a tab called "Grids". In general, the only fields that you will have to fill in are:

  • Grid Name (or alike) - A name you can easily identify the grid by. OpenSim grids don't use this information, so you can name it anything you like.
  • Login URI - The most important information. It should be like "http://someserver:9000" or "http://someserver". For instance, for OSGrid, this is "http://login.osgrid.org/".

Near these fields, you will also find a button named "Get Grid Info" or similar. If you click it, it may fill out several blank fields with URIs. In some cases, clicking the button will cause an error message to pop up, or in rare cases, freeze the viewer. If clicking the button causes problems of any kind, you can leave the remaining fields empty, or find the missing info and add it manually. Leaving the fields empty will normally not cause problems, and you will still be able to log in to that grid, although on some grids, some features may be unavailable until the missing info is added.

Click the "Apply" or "OK" button to store your new grid in the menu, and you will be ready to log in as explainted under If_the_grid_is_present_in_the_list

For instructions that are specific for your favorite viewer, see your viewer's website.

Connecting to the Grid with Viewer Parameters

If your viewer doesn't have a grid selector, or if you are having problems adding the grid to your viewer's grid list, then an alternative method is to use viewer parameters.

Basically, all you will really need is to pass the --loginuri command line parameter to the viewer and launch with it, although you will want to use all of the viewer parameters that are suggested for your preferred grid.

For example, you use the Second Life Viewer on Windows, and want to connect to OSGrid. A quick-and-easy way would be as follows:

  • Press Windows Key + R, this wil open the Run dialog.
  • In the Run dialog, enter the following:
SecondLife.exe --loginuri http://login.osgrid.org/ --loginpage http://www.osgrid.org/splash/
  • Press "Enter", or click "OK" and your viewer should start. After clicking the login button, you will enter OSGrid.


On OSX, you could also use ActionScript, which enables you to select multiple grids to connect to. See the OSX Grid Selector Script article for a pre-made script.

For more information on viewer parameters that are known to work with the Linden Lab Second Life Viewer and with Snowglobe based viewers, see this Second Life wiki page about using viewer parameters.

The Linden Labs viewer has a number of additional options. Most of which are not useful to average users. See the parameter reference on the Second Life Wiki for details.


Connecting to your locally hosted server from behind a DSL router using NAT

Loopback Most DSL routers/modems prevent loopback connections as a security feature. This means that a NATed IP address ( such as 192.168.2.40 ) can not connect to your forward facing IP address ( such as 199.149.252.44 ) from behind your DSL router/modem. In a case like this, external IP addresses may connect to your server/region but you can not ( this applies to both standalone and grid modes ).

List of routers featuring NAT Loopback : NAT_Loopback_Routers

Router solution If you are using a ZyXEL DSL router/modem from Embarq, please read this guide. This will show you how to reconfigure your DSL router/modem to fix this problem. Similar solutions may exist for other DSL router/modems. A Google search for the make and model of your DSL router/modem may provide you with a manual to assist you in this.

A word of caution : be VERY careful what you change and take good notes along the way so you can undo any changes you make in error.

DNS solution(Linux) It's possible to host your own DNS-server, so you can prevent some of the dns-naming problems mentioned before. If http://example.org resolves to the external ip, and that loopback connection is prevented by your router, you could point your resolv.conf to a local nameserver like:

nameserver 192.168.2.2

Now you need bind/named installed in order to handle the dns-requests. You can find a bind example configfile here.

Alternative Connection Approaches

Via a Web Browser

You can also set up a Browser Protocol Handler which will make opensim:// links in your browser do the expected thing, and launch the right OpenSim viewer.

Personal tools
General
About This Wiki