LLUDP ClientStack

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These are draft notes on OpenSimulator's implementation of the LLUDP ClientStack, a chunk of code which is used to send and receive packets from viewers (clients) implementing the Linden Labs virtual environment protocol.

As such, this stack handles

  • Setup of an inbound UDP handling stack for each region.
  • Handling of inbound UDP messages from a connected viewer.
  • Distribution of recieved UDP messages to appropriate handling code (e.g. selection handling code if a prim is selected).
  • Sending of outbound UDP messages to a connected viewer.
  • Throttling of outbound messages.
  • Sending and receive of ack messages, both inline within other messages and as standalone messages.
  • Resending of messages that are marked as reliable but for which receipt has not been acknowledged by the viewer.
  • Throttling of outgoing UDP messages.
  • Pooling of clientstack structures (e.g. classes representing messages) in order to improve efficiency and reduce memory usage.

Useful console commands

These are console commands which are useful in debugging or investigating the LLUDP protocol.

  • debug lludp packet [--default | --all] <level> [<avatar-first-name> <avatar-last-name>] - Turn on packet debugging. In OpenSimulator 0.7.5 and previous this command was "debug packet". "--default" applies the new logging level to all avatar that login after that point. "--all" applies it to all existing avatars as well.
  • debug lludp pool <on|off> - Turn object pooling within the lludp component on or off.
  • debug lludp start <in|out|all> - Control LLUDP packet processing.
  • debug lludp status - Return status of LLUDP packet processing.
  • debug lludp stop <in|out|all> - Stop LLUDP packet processing.


TODO: Need to fill out more as required.

Inbound UDP

Part 1

  • Inbound UDP messages are received on a region's listening UDP port (currently in OpenSimUDPBase). These are IOCP threads from the runtime as processing is done asynchronously.
  • On receive, the thread kicks off another asychrnous receive (which may be handled by a different IOCP thread).
  • Each received packet is sanity checked for length and basic malformations.
  • Data is inserted into a packet structure drawn from a pool.
  • If packet
    • Is UseCircuitCode (used to set up circuits with viewers) then this is handled on a separate thread.
    • Is CompleteAgentMovement (used to complete the insertion of an avatar into a region) then this is handled on a separate thread.
    • Has appended acks to a normal packet or is PacketAck then these are processed.
    • Is reliable then a pending ack is queued for acknowledgement to the client.
    • Is AgentUpdate and is not significant (same as last packet, where these are received about 10 times a second) then it is discarded.
    • StartPingCheck then this is handled.
  • All other packets are placed into a queue (packetInbox) for further processing.
  • The thread is released (synchronous fetch not currently operational).

Part 2

  • A continuously running thread fetches the next packet at the front of the packetInbox queue.
  • It enters the LLClientView structure, logging details of the packet for debug purposes if required.
  • The packet is processed either synchronously (on this same thread) or asynchronously by queueing it as a work item to a threadpool (SmartThreadPool by default).
    • Some packets are handled synchronously due to issues if they are processed out of order (e.g. multi-face texture changes not occuring properly). Others may be synchronous by default where they could actually be handled asynchronously.
  • The long running thread loops.

Other references

  • Sim Throttles contains very old information on the implementation of throttles. This has likely changed considerably but could still be useful.
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